Time

Question No. 1

Select the related word from the given alternatives.

Psychology : Human Being :: Ornithology : ?

दिए गए विकल्पों में से सम्बन्धित शब्द को चुनिए।

साईकोलोजी : मानव :: ओर्नीथोलोजी :

Question No. 2

Select the related letters from the given alternatives.

EGIK : FHJL :: MOQS : ?

दिए गए विकल्पों में से सम्बन्धित अक्षरों को चुनिए। EGIK : FHJL :: MOQS : ?

Question No. 3

Select the related number from the given alternatives.

147 : 741 :: 869: ?

दिए गए विकल्पों में से सम्बन्धित संख्या को चुनिए।

147 : 741 :: 869: ?

Question No. 4

Find the odd word from the given alternatives.

इस प्रश्न में दिए गए विकल्पों में से विषम शब्द चुनिए।

Question No. 5

Find the odd letters from the given alternatives.

इस प्रश्न में दिए गए विकल्पों में से विषम अक्षर समूह चुनिए।

Question No. 6

Find the odd number pair from the given alternatives.

इस प्रश्न में दिए गए विकल्पों में से विषम संख्या युग्म चुनिए।

Question No. 7

Arrange the following words as per order in the dictionary

1. Organ 2. Origin
3. Orient 4. Organic
5. Organise

निम्नलिखित शब्दों को शब्दकोश में दिए गए क्रम के अनुसार लिखिए।

1. Organ 2. Origin
3. Orient 4. Organic
5. Organise

Question No. 8

Which one set of letters when sequentially placed at the gaps in the given letter series shall complete it ?

_sr_tr_srs_r_srst_

अक्षरों का कौन-सा समूह खाली स्थानों पर क्रमवार रखने से दी गई अक्षर श्रृंखला को पूरा करती है?

_sr_tr_srs_r_srst_

Question No. 9

Find the missing number in the following series:

43, 172, 86, 344, ?

श्रृंखला में लुप्त संख्या ज्ञात कीजिए।

43, 172, 86, 344, ?

Question No. 10

‘A’ is the sister of ‘B’. ‘B’ is married to ‘D’. ‘B’ and ‘D’ have a daughter ‘G’. How is ‘G’ related to ‘A’ ?

A, B की बहन है। B की शादी D से हुई है। B और D की पुत्री ‘G’ है। G का A से क्या सम्बन्ध है ?

Question No. 11

Anil is as much younger to Vivek as he is older to Tarun. If the total of the ages of Vivek and Tarun is 48 years, how old is Anil ?

अनिल विवेक से जितना छोटा है, तरुण से उतना ही बड़ा है। यदि विवेक और तरुण की आयु का योग 48 वर्ष हो, तो अनिल की आयु ज्ञात कीजिए :

Question No. 12

 From the given alternative words, select the word which cannot be formed using the letters of the given word :

CHRONOLOGICAL

निम्नलिखित विकल्पों में से वह शब्द चुनिए जो दिए गए शब्द के अक्षरों का प्रयोग करके नहीं बनाया जा सकता।

CHRONOLOGICAL

Question No. 13

If HOUSE is written as FQSUC, then how can CHAIR be written in that code ?

यदि HOUSE को FQSUC लिखा जा सकता है, तो CHAIR को कैसे लिख सकते हैं ?

Question No. 14

If P denotes ÷, Q denotes ×, R denotes + and S denotes –then what is the value of 18Q12P4R5S6?

अगर P का अर्थ ‘÷’ Q का अर्थ ‘×’, R का अर्थ ‘+’ और S का अर्थ ‘–’ हो तो 18Q12P4R5S6 का मान बताइए :

Question No. 15

If 4 + 3 = 25 and 8 + 4 = 80, then, 3 + 2 = ?

अगर 4 + 3 = 25 और 8 + 4 = 80 हो, तो 3 + 2 = ?

Question No. 16

Select the missing numbers from the given alternatives 

8 32 4
7 ? 5
2 6 3

 

Question No. 17

Ramesh starts his journey by walking 2 kilometres towards North. Then he takes a right turn and walks 1 kilometre. Again takes a right turn and walks 2 kilometre. Now which direction is he facing ?

रमेश 2 किलोमीटर उत्तर की ओर चला, फिर वह दाहिने घूमकर 1 किलोमीटर चला फिर वह दाहिने घूमा और 2 किलो मीटर चला। अब उसका चेहरा किस दिशा में है ?

Question No. 18

One or two statements are given followed by two conclusions/assumptions, I and II. You have to consider the statement to be true, even if it seems to be at variance from commonly known facts. You are to decide which of the given conclusions/assumptions can definitely be drawn from the given statement. Indicate your answer.

Statements

Irregularity is a cause for failure in exams.

Some regular students fail in the examinations.

Conclusions

I. All failed students are regular.

II. All successful students are not regular.

निम्नलिखित प्रश्न में एक या दो वक्तव्य दिये गये है, जिसके आगे दो निष्कर्ष/ मान्यताएं, I और II निकाले गये हैं। आपको विचार करना है कि वक्तव्य सत्य है चाहे वह सामान्यत: ज्ञात तथ्यों से भिन्न प्रतीत होता हो। आपको निर्णय करना है कि दिए गए वक्तव्य में से कौन-सा निश्चित रूप से सही निष्कर्ष/मान्यता निकाला जा सकता है ?

कथन :

I परीक्षा में फेल होने का कारण अनियमितता है।

II कुछ नियमित विद्यार्थी परीक्षाओं में फेल होते हैं।

निष्कर्ष :

I सभी फेल होने वाले विद्यार्थी नियमित होते हैं।

II सभी सफल होने वाले विद्यार्थी नियमित नहीं होते।

Question No. 19

How many triangles are there in the given figure?

दिए गए चित्र में कितने त्रिभुज हैं ?

Question No. 20

Which one of the following figures represents the relationship among :

Birds, Parrots, Bats

दर्शाए गए चित्रों में से निम्नलिखित के लिए कौन सा सम्बन्ध सही है ?

पक्षी, तोता, चमगादड़

Question No. 21

Which answer figure will complete the pattern in the question figure ?

Question Figure

Answer Figures

कौन सा उत्तर चित्र प्रश्न में दिए गए चित्र को पूरा करता है ?

प्रश्न आकृति :

उत्तर आकृतियाँ

Question No. 22

From the given answer figures, select the one in which the question figure is hidden/ embedded

Question Figure

Answer Figures

गई उत्तर आकृतियों में से उसे चुनिए जिसमें प्रश्न आकृति निहित है।

 प्रश्न आकृति :

उत्तर आकृतियाँ :

Question No. 23

A piece of paper is folded and cut as shown below in the question figures. From the given answer figures, indicate how it will appear when opened.

Question Figure

Answer Figure

अगर किसी कागज को प्रश्न आकृतियों में दिखाए गए चित्र अनुसार मोड़कर काटा जाए तो खोलने के बाद वह किस उत्तर आकृति जैसा दिखाई देगा?

प्रश्न आकृति :

उत्तर आकृतियाँ :

Question No. 24

If a mirror is placed on the line AB, then which of the answer figures is the right image of the given figure ?

Question Figure

Answer Figures

इस प्रश्न में यदि एक दर्पण को AB रेखा पर रखा जाये तो दी गई उत्तर आकृतियों में से कौन-सी आकृति प्रश्न आकृति का सही प्रतिबिम्ब होगी ?
प्रश्न आकृति :

उत्तर आकृतियाँ :

Question No. 25

In this question, a word is represented by only one set of numbers as given in any one of the alternatives. The sets of numbers given in the alternatives are represented by two classes of alphabet as in two matrices given below. The col umns and rows of Matrix I are numbered from 0 to 4 and that of Matrix II are numbered from 5 to
9. A letter from these matrices can be represented first by its row and next by its column, e.g., ‘B’ can be represented by 00, 13 etc., and ‘A’ can be represented by 55, 69 etc.

निम्नलिखित प्रश्न में विकल्पों में दिए गए संख्या-समूह, अक्षरों के दो वर्गों द्वारा दर्शाए गए हैं, जैसे कि नीचे दिए गए दो आव्यूहों में हैं। आव्यूह I के स्तम्भ और पंक्ति की संख्या 0 से 4 तक दी गई है, और आव्यूह II के 5 से 9 तक, इन आव्यूहों से एक अक्षर को पहले उसकी पंक्ति और बाद में स्तम्भ संख्या द्वारा दर्शाया जा सकता है। उदाहरण के लिए, B को 00, 13, आदि द्वारा दर्शाया जा सकता है तथा A को 55, 69, आदि द्वारा दर्शाया जा सकता है। Similarly, you have to identify the set for the word ‘GIRL’.
इसी प्रकार आपको दिए गए शब्द ‘GIRL’ के लिए समूह को पहचानना है।

Question No. 26

The minimum short-term natural hazard is 

न्यूनतम अल्पकालीन प्राकृतिक संकट कौन-सा है ?

Question No. 27

DOTS is a treatment given to patients suffering from 

“डॉट्‌स” नामक इलाज किस बीमारी के लिए किया जाता है ?

Question No. 28

Which dynasty was ruling in Vijaynagar empire at the time of the Battle of Talikota

तालिकोटा के युद्ध के समय विजयनगर साम्राज्य में कौन से राजवंश का राज था ?

Question No. 29

Which of the following Sultans died while playing Polo or Chaugan?

पोलो या चंगन खेलते समय निम्नलिखित में से किस सुलतान की मृत्यु हुई ?

Question No. 30

Molten rock below the surface of the earth is called 

पृथ्वी तल के नीचे के पिघले हुए पत्थर को क्या कहा जाता है ?

Question No. 31

Magnesium is a constituent metal of

मैग्नीशियम निम्नलिखित में से किसका संघटक धातु है ?

Question No. 32

Which one among the following components is used as an amplifying device?

निम्नलिखित में से कौन-सा घटक प्रवर्धन साधन के रूप में प्रयुक्त होता है ?

Question No. 33

A __________ is an agreement between the communicating parties on how communication is to proceed.

Question No. 34

Name the gas used in preparation of bleaching powder

विरंजन पाउडर को तैयार करने में प्रयुक्त होने वाली गैस कौन-सी है ?

Question No. 35

The depletion in Ozone layer is caused by ___________ .

ओजोन की परत में रिक्तीकरण किसके कारण होता है ?

Question No. 36

Sariska and Ranthambore are the reserves for which of the following

सरिस्का और रणथंबोर निम्नलिखित में से किसका सुरक्षित स्थान है ?

Question No. 37

The prestigious ‘Jawaharlal Nehru Award for International Understanding’ is instituted by

अंतर्राष्ट्रीय समझदारी (इंटरनेशनल अंडरस्टैंडिंग) के लिए दिया जाने वाला जवाहरलाल नेहरू पुरस्कार किसके द्वारा दिया जाता है?

Question No. 38

Phosphorus is kept in water because

फॉस्फोरस को पानी में क्यों रखा जाता हैं ?

Question No. 39

The famous Dilwara temples of Mount Abu are a sacred pilgrimage place for the 

माउंट आबू स्थित मशहूर दिलवाड़ा मन्दिर निम्नलिखित में से किस समुदाय का पवित्र तीर्थस्थल है ?

Question No. 40

The unit of measurement of noise is

आवाज की माप का मात्रक क्या है ?

Question No. 41

The commonly used coolant in refrigerators is

रेफ्रिजरेटर में सामान्यत: किस शीतलक (कूलैंट) का प्रयोग किया जाता है ?

Question No. 42

The complete form of ‘IC’ in electronics is

इलेक्ट्रॉनिक्स में ‘IC’ का पूर्ण रूप क्या है ?

Question No. 43

Who among the following did Gandhiji regard as his political Guru?

निम्नलिखित में से किसे गाँधीजी अपना राजनैतिक गुरु मानते थे ?

Question No. 44

Which of the following constitutional Amendment Act, deals with the Elementary Education as a Fundamental Right?

निम्नलिखित में से कौन-सा संविधान संशोधन अधिनियम प्रारम्भिक शिक्षा के मूल अधिकार के रूप में होने से संबंधित है ?

Question No. 45

The World’s largest island is

विश्व का सबसे बड़ा द्वीप-समूह कौन-सा है ?

Question No. 46

 Sea water is saltier than rain water because

समुद्र का जल वर्षा के जल की अपेक्षा अधिक लवण वाला होता है क्योंकि

Question No. 47

Pannalal Ghosh played which of the following musical instruments?

पन्नालाल घोष निम्नलिखित में से कौन-सा वाद्य यंत्र बजाते थे ?

Question No. 48

Rio Summit is associated with 

रियो शिखर सम्मेलन का संबंध किससे है ?

Question No. 49

Polyploidy arises due to change in the

बहुगुणिता (पॉलिप्लॉयडी) किसमें परिवर्तन होने पर होती है ?

Question No. 50

Which South Korean author in May 2016 won the 2016 Man Booker International Prize for her novel ‘The Vegetarian’?

किस दक्षिण कोरियाई लेखक को मई 2016 में अपने उपन्यास ‘द वेजिटेरियन’ के लिए 2016 का मैन बुकर इंटरनेशनल पुरस्कार मिला ?

Question No. 51

A and B together can finish a work in 30 days.
They worked on it for 20 days and then B left the work. The remaining work was done by A alone in 20 days more. In how many days can A alone finish the work?

A और B मिल कर एक काम को 30 दिन में समाप्त कर सकते हैं। उन्होंने 20 दिन काम किया, उसके बाद B ने काम छोड़ दिया। शेष काम A ने अकेले किया जिसमें 20 दिन का समय और लगा। बताइए A अकेले वह काम कितने दिन में कर सकता है?

Question No. 52

The centroid of an equilateral triangle ABC is G.
If AB is 6 cms, the length of AG is

किसी समबाहु त्रिभुज ABC का केन्द्रक G है। यदि AB = 6 सेमीहै, तो AG की लम्बाई क्या होगी ?

Question No. 53

A merchant changed his trade discount from 25% to 15%. This would increase selling price by

किसी व्यापारी ने अपने व्यवसायिक बट्‌टे की दर 25% से 15% कर दी। इससे विक्रय मूल्य में कितनी वृद्धि होगी ?

Question No. 54

If 177 is divided into 3 parts in the ratio 12:23:45, then the second part is

 

यदि 177 को 12:23:45 को अनुपात में तीन भागों में विभक्त किया जाए तो बताएं दूसरा भाग क्या होगा ?

Question No. 55

If percentage of profit made,when an article is sold for Rs.78, is twice as when it is sold for Rs.69, the cost price of the article is 

किसी वस्तु को 69 रुपए में बेचने के बजाय 78 रुपए में बेचने से लाभ का प्रतिशत दोगुना होता है। उस वस्तु का क्रय मूल्य क्या होगा?

Question No. 56

The ratio between Ram’s age and Rahim’s age is 10:11. What is the age of Rahim in percentage of Ram’s age ?

राम और रहीम की आयु में 10 : 11 का अनुपात है। राम की आयु से रहीम की आयु का प्रतिशत बताइए ?

Question No. 57

Gautam travels 160 kms at 32 kmph and returns at 40 kmph. Then his average speed is

गौतम 32 किमी./घंटा की चाल से 160 किमी. चलता है और 40 किमी./घंटा की चाल से लौटता है। औसत चाल बताइए।

Question No. 58

If x =3/2 , then the value of 27x– 54x+ 36x – 11 is

यदि x = 3/2 हो तो 27x– 54x+ 36x – 11 का मान क्या होगा?

Question No. 59

If a + b + c = 6 and ab + bc + ca = 11, then the value of bc (b + c) + ca (c + a) + ab (a + b) + 3abc is

 यदि a + b + c = 6 और ab + bc + ca = 11, हो, तो bc (b + c) + ca (c + a) + ab (a + b) + 3abc का मान ज्ञात कीजिए।

Question No. 60

If the angles of a triangle are in the ratio of 2 : 3 : 4, then the difference of the measure of greatest angle and smallest angle is 

यदि किसी त्रिभुज के कोण 2 : 3 : 4 के अनुपात में हों तो सबसे बड़े कोण और न्यूनतम कोण के माप का अन्तर क्या होगा ?

Question No. 61

In ΔABC, ∠A = 90°, AD ⊥ BC and AD = BD = 2cm. The length of CD is 

यदि ΔABC में, ∠A = 90°, AD ⊥ BC और AD = BD = 2 सेमी. हो तो CD की लम्बाई क्या होगी ?

Question No. 62

If tan 45° = cotθ, then the value of θ, in radians is 

यदि tan 45° = cotθ हो, तो θ का मान रेडियन में बताएं।

Question No. 63

(251 + 252 + 253 + 254 + 255) is divisible by

(251 + 252 + 253 + 254 + 255) निम्नलिखित में से किससे विभाज्य है ?

Question No. 64

The average of 12 numbers is 9. If each number is multiplied by 2 and added to 3, the average of the new set of numbers is

12 संख्याओं का औसत 9 है। यदि प्रत्येक संख्या को 2 से गुणा किया जाए और उसमें 3 जोड़ा जाए तो संख्याओं के नए सेट का औसत क्या होगा ?

Question No. 65

If (a+1a)2 = 3, then the value of a61a6 will be


 

यदि (a+1a)2= 3 हो, तो a61a6 का मान बताएं।

Question No. 66

If 2+x+2x2+x2x=2 , the value of x is

 

यदि 2+x+2x2+x2x=2 हो, तो x का मान बताएं।

Question No. 67

The perimeter of two similar triangles ABC and PQR are 36 cms and 24 cms respectively. If PQ = 10 cm then the length of AB is

दो समरूप त्रिभुजों ABC और PQR के परिमाप क्रमश: 36 सेमीऔर 24 सेमी. हैं। यदि PQ = 10 सेमी. है तो AB की लम्बाई बताइए।

Question No. 68

In a triangle ABC, AB = 8 cm, AC = 10 cm and ∠B = 90°, then the area of ΔABC is

त्रिभुज ABC में AB = 8 सेमी., AC = 10 सेमी. और ∠B = 90°, तो ΔABC का क्षेत्रफल क्या होगा?

Question No. 69

ABC is a triangle. If sin (A+B2)=32, then the value of sin C/2 is

ABC एक त्रिभुज है। यदि sin (A+B2)=32 हो तो, sin C/2 का मान क्या होगा ?

 

Question No. 70

The compound interest on Rs. 64,000 for 3 years, compounded annually at 7.5% p.a. is

 64,000 रुपए की राशि पर 7.5% वार्षिक दर से 3 वर्ष का चक्रवृद्धि ब्याज (जिसे प्रति वर्ष संयोजित किया जाता है), क्या होगा?

Question No. 71

The angles of elevation of the top of a temple, from the foot and the top of a building 30 m high, are 60° and 30° respectively. Then, the height of the temple is

एक 30 मीटर ऊँची इमारत के तल एवं शीर्ष से किसी मंदिर के शीर्ष भाग पर क्रमश: 60° और 30° का उन्नयन कोण बनता है। मन्दिर की ऊँचाई बताइए।

Question No. 72

If the miscellaneous charges are Rs. 6000, then the advertisement charges are 

यदि विविध प्रभार 6000 रुपए हो, तो विज्ञापन प्रभार क्या है 

Question No. 73

The central angle of printing charge is x more than that of advertisement charges. Then the value of x is 

छपाई प्रभार का केन्द्रीय कोण विज्ञापन प्रभार के केन्द्रीय कोण से x अधिक है, तो x का मान क्या होगा ?

Question No. 74

What should be the central angle of the sector ‘cost of paper’ ?

कागज की कीमत के सेक्टर का केन्द्रीय कोण क्या होना चाहिए?

Question No. 75

The ratio between royalty and binders’ charges is 

रॉयल्टी और जिल्दसाज के प्रभार के बीच का अनुपात क्या है ?

Question No. 76

In the following question, out of the four alternatives, choose the word which best expresses the meaning of the given word.
RECEPTACLE

Question No. 77

In the following question, out of the four alternatives, choose the word which is opposite in meaning to the given word.
VANITY

Question No. 78

Four words are given, out of which only one word is spelt correctly. Choose the correctly spelt word.

Question No. 79

In the following questions, one part of the sentence may have an error. Find out which part of the sentence has an error and choose the option corresponding to it. If the sentence is free from error, choose the “No error” option.

If you permit me to speak the truth (1)/ I shall state without hesitation (2)/ that you have done a mistake. (3)/ No Error (4)

Question No. 80

In the following questions, one part of the sentence may have an error. Find out which part of the sentence has an error and choose the option corresponding to it. If the sentence is free from error, choose the “No error” option.

I succeeded persuading him (1)/ to come with me
(2)/ only after hours of argument. (3)/ No Error (4)

Question No. 81

In the following questions, one part of the sentence may have an error. Find out which part of the sentence has an error and choose the option corresponding to it. If the sentence is free from error, choose the “No error” option.

 Vermin (1)/ does much harm (2)/ to crops. (3)/ No Error (4)

Question No. 82

 In the following questions, the sentences given with blanks are to be filled with an appropriate word(s). Four alternatives are suggested for each question. For each question, choose the correct alternative.

Light is _____ than sound.

Question No. 83

In the following questions, the sentences given with blanks are to be filled with an appropriate word(s). Four alternatives are suggested for each question. For each question, choose the correct alternative.

The man _____ for the purpose never did what was expected of him.

Question No. 84

In the following questions, the sentences given with blanks are to be filled with an appropriate word(s). Four alternatives are suggested for each question. For each question, choose the correct alternative.

 There was a serious _____ between the two brothers.

Question No. 85

In each of the following questions, four alternatives are given for the Idiom/Phrase. Choose the alternative which best expresses the meaning of the Idiom/Phrase.

To give oneself airs

Question No. 86

In each of the following questions, four alternatives are given for the Idiom/Phrase.Choose the alternative which best expresses the meaning of the Idiom/Phrase.

At a stone’s throw

Question No. 87

In each of the following questions, four alternatives are given for the Idiom/Phrase. Choose the alternative which best expresses the meaning of the Idiom/Phrase.

Bone of contention

Question No. 88

In the following questions, out of the four alternatives, choose the one which can be substituted for the given words/sentences.

A person who has lost the protection of the law

Question No. 89

In the following questions, out of the four alternatives, choose the one which can be substituted for the given words/sentences.

Falsification of documents etc.

Question No. 90

In the following questions, out of the four alternatives, choose the one which can be substituted for the given words/sentences.

To make atonement for one’s sins

Question No. 91

In each of the following questions, a sentence/a part of the sentence is given in bold. Four alternatives are given to the bold part which will improve the sentence. Choose the correct alternative corresponding to it. In case no improvement is needed, choose the alternative corresponding to “No improvement”.

The boys absented themselves for two days.

Question No. 92

 In each of the following questions, a sentence/a part of the sentence is given in bold. Four alternatives are given to the bold part which will improve the sentence. Choose the correct alternative corresponding to it. In case no improvement is needed, choose the alternative corresponding to “No improvement”.

My mother insists on setting up something everyday for charity.

Question No. 93

In each of the following questions, a sentence/a part of the sentence is given in bold. Four alternatives are given to the bold part which will improve the sentence. Choose the correct alternative corresponding to it. In case no improvement is needed, choose the alternative corresponding to “No improvement”.

He began on a new business venture.

Question No. 94

 In each of the following questions, a sentence/a part of the sentence is given in bold. Four alternatives are given to the bold part which will improve the sentence. Choose the correct alternative corresponding to it. In case no improvement is needed, choose the alternative corresponding to “No improvement”.

I have to say them the truth.

Question No. 95

In each of the following questions, a sentence/a part of the sentence is given in bold. Four alternatives are given to the bold part which will improve the sentence. Choose the correct alternative corresponding to it. In case no improvement is needed, choose the alternative corresponding to “No improvement”.

The SSB will interview the candidate between 11 a.m. and 3.00 p.m.

Question No. 96

 A passage is given with 5 questions following it. Read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
Settled life and cultivation gave man leisure; he had no longer to always think of getting food. During spare time he could make stone tools, hoes or pots and weave cloth.
Some people spared from producing their own food could even devote themselves to other activities all the time. This resulted in a division of labour. The division of labour made it possible for various groups to specialize, that is, to acquire greater skill and learn better techniques in doing one kind of work.
The settled community life needed rules to regulate the behaviour of the members of the community.
It is not possible to know exactly how regulations were established. It appears that the decisions regarding the community were taken by the people as a whole, or by a council of elders, as is in the practice in tribal societies. There were perhaps no kings or any organized government. Most likely, there were chiefs elected by the community for their qualities of leadership. But, these chiefs could not pass their positions on to their sons and they enjoyed few special privileges. Archaeological excavations have not revealed anything which would indicate the prevalence of a higher status for some members of the community. This is also supported by the study of life in many tribes in modern times.
Thus, social inequalities do not seem to have emerged even in Neolithic times.

What did man do in his spare time?

Question No. 97

A passage is given with 5 questions following it. Read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
Settled life and cultivation gave man leisure; he had no longer to always think of getting food. During spare time he could make stone tools, hoes or pots and weave cloth.
Some people spared from producing their own food could even devote themselves to other activities all the time. This resulted in a division of labour. The division of labour made it possible for various groups to specialize, that is, to acquire greater skill and learn better techniques in doing one kind of work.
The settled community life needed rules to regulate the behaviour of the members of the community.
It is not possible to know exactly how regulations were established. It appears that the decisions regarding the community were taken by the people as a whole, or by a council of elders, as is in the practice in tribal societies. There were perhaps no kings or any organized government. Most likely, there were chiefs elected by the community for their qualities of leadership. But, these chiefs could not pass their positions on to their sons and they enjoyed few special privileges. Archaeological excavations have not revealed anything which would indicate the prevalence of a higher status for some members of the community. This is also supported by the study of life in many tribes in modern times.
Thus, social inequalities do not seem to have emerged even in Neolithic times.

In the passage, “division of labour” means

Question No. 98

A passage is given with 5 questions following it. Read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
Settled life and cultivation gave man leisure; he had no longer to always think of getting food. During spare time he could make stone tools, hoes or pots and weave cloth.
Some people spared from producing their own food could even devote themselves to other activities all the time. This resulted in a division of labour. The division of labour made it possible for various groups to specialize, that is, to acquire greater skill and learn better techniques in doing one kind of work.
The settled community life needed rules to regulate the behaviour of the members of the community.
It is not possible to know exactly how regulations were established. It appears that the decisions regarding the community were taken by the people as a whole, or by a council of elders, as is in the practice in tribal societies. There were perhaps no kings or any organized government. Most likely, there were chiefs elected by the community for their qualities of leadership. But, these chiefs could not pass their positions on to their sons and they enjoyed few special privileges. Archaeological excavations have not revealed anything which would indicate the prevalence of a higher status for some members of the community. This is also supported by the study of life in many tribes in modern times.
Thus, social inequalities do not seem to have emerged even in Neolithic times.

To which period do the Neolithic times refer ?

Question No. 99

A passage is given with 5 questions following it. Read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
Settled life and cultivation gave man leisure; he had no longer to always think of getting food. During spare time he could make stone tools, hoes or pots and weave cloth.
Some people spared from producing their own food could even devote themselves to other activities all the time. This resulted in a division of labour. The division of labour made it possible for various groups to specialize, that is, to acquire greater skill and learn better techniques in doing one kind of work.
The settled community life needed rules to regulate the behaviour of the members of the community.
It is not possible to know exactly how regulations were established. It appears that the decisions regarding the community were taken by the people as a whole, or by a council of elders, as is in the practice in tribal societies. There were perhaps no kings or any organized government. Most likely, there were chiefs elected by the community for their qualities of leadership. But, these chiefs could not pass their positions on to their sons and they enjoyed few special privileges. Archaeological excavations have not revealed anything which would indicate the prevalence of a higher status for some members of the community. This is also supported by the study of life in many tribes in modern times.
Thus, social inequalities do not seem to have emerged even in Neolithic times.

 Chiefs were elected by the community for their

Question No. 100

A passage is given with 5 questions following it. Read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
Settled life and cultivation gave man leisure; he had no longer to always think of getting food. During spare time he could make stone tools, hoes or pots and weave cloth.
Some people spared from producing their own food could even devote themselves to other activities all the time. This resulted in a division of labour. The division of labour made it possible for various groups to specialize, that is, to acquire greater skill and learn better techniques in doing one kind of work.
The settled community life needed rules to regulate the behaviour of the members of the community.
It is not possible to know exactly how regulations were established. It appears that the decisions regarding the community were taken by the people as a whole, or by a council of elders, as is in the practice in tribal societies. There were perhaps no kings or any organized government. Most likely, there were chiefs elected by the community for their qualities of leadership. But, these chiefs could not pass their positions on to their sons and they enjoyed few special privileges. Archaeological excavations have not revealed anything which would indicate the prevalence of a higher status for some members of the community. This is also supported by the study of life in many tribes in modern times.
Thus, social inequalities do not seem to have emerged even in Neolithic times.

 The meaning of ‘privilege’ is